Sikhs and Sikh Institutions in Pakistan
The present Pakistan was the cradle of Sikh Religion as its founder Guru Nanak Dev was born there. Many historical Sikh Gurdwaras are located there. Main territory of the Sikh empire of Maharaja Ranjit Singh also belonged to this land. During the British rule, Sikh farmers developed the canal colonies in the semi-desert areas of West Punjab (now Pakistan) and settled there. Contribution of the Sikh settlers for the development of the area is enormous.
Unfortunately, the partition of British-India in 1947 was a cruel blow to the Sikhs. The communal frenzy made the atmosphere poisonous and about a million people lost their lives in the horrible riots besides enormous loss of properties. The Sikhs had to leave their homeland and suffer also the loss of many Gurdwaras situated in that area. Only a few thousand Sikhs stayed behind in the tribal areas of NWFP.
This research work has tapped the tales of migrants from Pakistan to India as well as the Sikhs now living in Pakistan. The details of present scenario of the Sikh Gurdwaras in Pakistan enhance the value of this work.