This book is an attempt to trace the lives of Hindus and Sikhs in Afghanistan in the past thousand years. Almost all history records, even those held by the Afghan Hindus stop at the Hindu Shahi rulers of Kabul in the 10th century and start again from the 19th century when European travelers and agents mentioned Hindus and Sikhs in the country. This book has used contemporary sources as far as possible. At some places, eminent historians who are considered an authority on the subject have been quoted. Contemporary Persian, English, Punjabi sources have been used to chalk out references to non-Muslim communities including Hindus and later Sikhs from the 11th century to the 21st century. The contribution of these small communities of Hindus and Sikhs to the Afghan society is brought to the readers.